Solution focused techniques pdf

You need many years solution focused techniques pdf practice and usually a qualification to become an accomplished counsellor. However, anyone, regardless of qualifications and training can become a more effective helper by learning to apply the basic techniques of counselling.

Solution-focused questions are designed to help people explore their strengths and resources rather than concentrate on their problems and deficits. The questions can help a young person identify what their goals or preferred future will look like when they have overcome their problems or challenges. They help the young person notice things in their lives that are going well or parts of their goals that are already happening. It is often helpful to engage the young person in problem free talk at the beginning and throughout the helping conversation. This means talking to the young person about things in their life that are not immediately connected with the problem or challenge they are facing.

I know a little about your problem but before we discuss it further I would like to find out a bit more about you as a person. By listening very carefully you will be able to identify the things that are going well or times in the past when things have gone better. Try not to concentrate your listening too much at this point on the problem. Think about strengths and successes and remember these for later use. Tell me about a time in the past before the problem existed? Helping a young person to identify clear goals or a clear description of their preferred future without the problem can be very helpful.

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This involves questions that concentrate on what life will be like without the problem or challenge. It is important to concentrate on the detail. What will you notice when the problem is better? How will things be different when the problem is better? What will you be doing differently when things are better? What will you be doing instead? How will others tell when the problem is better?

Very few problems are present all the time. In fact, most problems are only happening occasionally. There are usually a lot of times when the problem is not happening at all or is happening to a lesser degree. Helping the young person to notice these times can help reduce the feeling of being overwhelmed by the problem or challenge and can help identify things they or others are already doing to solve the problem.

What is different about the times when the problem is better? When things are tough, how do you cope? The use of scales is a flexible technique that can be used to help a young person identify movement in their problem or challenge. It is especially helpful when the person is struggling to identify goals or exceptions to their problem. Imagine a scale from 0 to 10.

What number are you on the scale right now? What number were you at when the problem was at its worst? What will you notice if you moved up one or two numbers towards your goal? How do you cope when things are so difficult? Who is helping you to cope? What is stopping you from moving down one number? Describe the different changes you will notice as you move up each number on the scale?