The left-sided menu requires a Java-enabled Browser. If you cannot see the left-sided menu, please click here for an alternative menu. Today more than ever, Christianity too is brought into contact, discussion and confrontation with other religions. In has become a karl rahner theological investigations pdf to say that we live in a pluralist society — not merely a society which is in fact plural in a variety of cultures, religions and lifestyles which it embraces, but pluralist in the sense that this plurality is celebrated as a thing to be approved and cherished.
Note the two senses of pluralism in the quote from Newbigin. God has revealed the Way and the Truth and the Life in Jesus Christ, and wills this to be known throughout the world. The revelation of Christianity is in a category of its own. The predominant criticism of Particularism is that it is inconsistent with the God’s desire to save all human beings. What of those who have not heard the gospel, or choose to reject it? For centuries within the church, a standard answer to this question is that they would be condemned.
The holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and proclaims that none of those who are outside of the Catholic Church — not only pagans, but Jews also, heretics and schismatics — can have part in eternal life, but will go into eternal fire, ‘which was prepared for the devil and his angels,’ unless they are gathered into that Church before the end of life. However, while a Particularist may believe as above that all non-Christians will be condemned, they do not have to believe this. In particular in Karl Barth’s theology, particularism is still compatible with universal salvation:. The most significant advocate of inclusivism has been Jesuit theologian Karl Rahner. Christianity understands itself as the absolute religion, intended for all people, which cannot recognize any other religion beside itself as of equal right.
God in Christ took place at a specific time in history. Those who lived before, or who have not yet heard of it, would seemed excluded from salvation. This is incompatible with God’s will to save all. Consider the Old Testament, the outlook of a non-Christian religion, Judaism. John Hick: paternalistic: “honorary status granted unilaterally to people who have not expressed any desire for it.
In Rahner’s defense, the term “anonymous Christian” was perhaps intended to suggest that Christians should give the faithful adherents of non-Christian religions the same “status” in their reflections on the People of God as they give to their fellow Christians. Copernican revolution in our understanding of religion. The traditional dogma has been that Christianity is the centre of the universe of faiths, with all other religions seen as revolving at various removes around the revelation in Christ and being graded according to their nearness to or distance from it. This distinction enables us to acknowledge both the one unlimited transcendent divine Reality and also a plurality of varying human concepts, images, and experiences of response to that Reality. What of the radical differences in beliefs and practices among the various religions?